Will of Richard Sadler, 1707

To my Wife Peace Sadler the dwelling in my Hall house in Orwell

By David Miller

Photo: Illustrative image for the 'Will of Richard Sadler, 1707' page
Photo: Illustrative image for the 'Will of Richard Sadler, 1707' page

 

Commentary.

There can be no doubt that Richard went to a lawyer to have this will drawn up. No one else could have produced such a document full of repetitions and confused legal phrases. There are some legal terms have become old familiar friends which sound well even today - for example, “Will and Testament,” or “goods and chattels” - but Will Titchmarsh must have been paid by the yard for this one! Nevertheless, the Will is worthy of some study, since Richard’s Wife Peace also made a Will and we can see how the family carried on after Richard’s untimely death. He must have been fairly well in 1705 for him to have taken on a Lease from Christs College, but when he died two years later, all his children were still under age. He gave his Wife “the dwelling in the Hall house in Orwell” during her lifetime, so one can imagine Peace staying in the house even though it became Richard’s property when he reached 21. This kind of arrangement was fairly common in this area, the equivalent of a modern day ‘Granny Annex.’ By 1723, when Peace died, Mary was still single but Ann had married and was then Ann Marshall. It is interesting to speculate why Ann did not come into her ten pound legacy until she was aged twenty six, while Mary was to have hers at age twenty one. On the death of her Mother, Ann was given £85 (a large sum in those days) while Mary received a house and land in Debden, in North Essex. The family had prospered!

Transcription.

In the name of god Amen I Richard Sadler of Orwell in the County of Cambridge yeoman being infirm in body but of sound and perfict memory thanks be given to God for the same And falling to Remembrance the uncertayne estate of this life of Earth and being Desirous to settle things in order doe ordaine this to be my last Will and testament in Manner and Forme following Item I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife Peace Sadler All my free and Coppy hold lands and tenements with there premises in the Mates and bounds of Orwell in the County aforesaid for and until my sonn Richard Sadler shall attaine to the full age of one and Twenty yeares for and towards the bringing upp and Manetaying my three children Item I give to my said wife the dwelling in the Hall house of my freehold tenament in Orwell during the terme of her naturall life And I likewise give to Peace my said wife the full summe of three pounds Ayeare to be paid out of my freehold lands and tenements aforesaid by my said Sonn Richard his ???? after he his heires have enjoyed the same one full yeare yearly (that is to say) that he the said Richard Sadler my sonn and his heires shall pay or cause to be paid to Peace his mother the said sume of three pounds Ayear yearly by equal and even perporton thirty shillings every half year During the term of her naturall life. But for want of payment She the said Peace my wife may lawfully enter upon the said freehold Land and tenements until she be fully satisfied Item I give to my said sonn Richard Sadler and his hairs for ever All my Coppy hold lands and tenements with the right of folding to me belonging upon condition that he the said Richard Sadler his heiers shall pay or cause to be paid to his Two sisters Ann Sadler and Mary Sadler theire heiers the sume of Tenn pounds apiece that is to say to Ann Sadler the sume of ten pounds when she shall attain the full age of Six and twenty yeares and ten pounds of like lawful money of England to hir sister Mary hir heiers when she shall attain to the age of One and twenty years But in case the said Richard my sonn his heiers should refuse to pay the said Twenty pounds as aforesaid in part or in all to my said Daughters then it shall and may be lawfull for them the said Ann and Mary thire heiers to enter upon the said land and premises withe folding aforesaid until they be fully satisfied. Item I give to my aforesaid Two daughters Ann and Mary Sadler the sum of ten pounds apiece and doe paid to them out of my freehold lands and tenements in Orwell by my sonn Richard Sadler when he the said Richard Sadler shall attain to the full age of Three And twenty yeares but in case he the said Richard my Sonn his heieres should refuse to pay the said Twenty pounds in part or in all then it shall and may be lawfull for the said Ann and Mary there heiers to Enter upon the said free hold lands and tenements and enjoy the same until they be fully satisfied and paid Item whereas I am now lawfully interested in and lawfully possessed of certain freehold lands and premises in Orwell called Christ Colledge Lease for divers yeares yet to come and unexpired by virtue of a certain Indenture of Lease bearing date the 9th day of February 1705 made unto me my heires from the Master Fellows and Scholars of Christ Colledg in Cambridge aforesaid for the terme of one Twenty from Michaelmas last past before the date thereof as in and by Indenture of Lease Relating being thereunto ?had doth more at Larg appeare now my mind and will is and I doe hereby give and ?aswell the said ?Recripted? Indenture of Lease with the lands and premises therein granted and allsoe all the time and term of years yet to come and unexpired of and in the same And all my right and title unto the said lands and premises and every part and parcel thereof by virtue of the said Indenture of Lease To my Sonn Richard Sadler to hold to my said son Richard Sadler his heiers and assigns for ever All the Rest of my goods and chattels unbequeathed of what nature soever they be I wholly give and bequeath to my beloved Wife Peace Sadler, whom I make my wholl and sole Executrix she paying and receiving all my debts and Legacyes and bringing my body decently to the ground and this I doe declare to be my last will and testament

In Wittness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seal in the years of our Lord Christ 1707 this Eight and Twenty day of October Anno Dom 1707

                                                     Richard LS Sadler

Signed sealed published and declared

To be the last will and Testament of

the Within named Richard Sadler

In the presence of John Skinner

                           Daniel Godfrey

                           Will Titchmarsh

[Probate 24th January 1707]

This page was added by David Miller on 03/05/2015.

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